The area outside the Museum Der Moderne is known locally as the Winkler Terrace. This is because the Cafe Winkler previously stood on the site.
It is the sister museum to the Rupertinum in the old town. Whereas the Rupertinim showcases new artistic concepts, the Museum Der Moderne displays modern art in a contemporary setting.
It is one of the best places to see the Old Town of Salzburg from the Kapunzinerberg to the Fortress. It is easily reached by using the Mönchsberg lift located on Anton-Neumayr-Platz directly underneath the museum on the hill. In just 30 seconds it takes you directly to the terrace.
From here there are lovely walks along the Monschberg (the hill overlooking the Old Town) to the Fortress. If you don’t want to go that far then there are a number of ways back down into the town.
Monday 8 am-7 pm, Tuesday-Sunday 8 am-9 pm. In July and August: daily 8 am-11 pm
Adults € 3.80 , Children (6-14 years) € 1.90, Families € 7.50 (up and down)
Adults € 9.70, Children (6-14 years) € 6.80 , Families € 15.40
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by Nigel Ringrose
The Mozart Residence (Wohnhaus) is across the river from his bithplace in Getreidegasse. The Mozart family moved to the house on Makartplatz in 1773 and stayed there until 1787. It was built in 1617 and was known as the ‘Dance Master’s House’ as it was the residence of Lorenz Spockner who offered dancing lessons to the nobility before their life at court.
Unfortunately, two thirds of the original Residence was destroyed in 1944 by allied bombing. The Mozart foundation was able to purchase the office building that had been built on the site in 1989 which they demolished. Over the next few years the Mozart residence was reconstructed using the original building plans. The Mozart Resedence Museum opened in 1996 and in addition to Mozart’s forte-piano contains many original documents and portraits.
Daily from 09:00 to 17:30 and in July and August from 08:30 to 19:00. Note that during Mozart week the museum may be closed for concerts.
€ 11 (€ 18) for adults. Young Adults (15-18 years) € 4 (€ 6). Children (6-14 years) € 3,50 (€ 5) . Prices in brackets are a combined ticket for both the Birthplace and Residence.
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The Mozart Birthplace Museum (Mozarts Geburtshaus) in Getreidegasse is dedicated to Mozart’s early life. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born here on 27th January 1756 in their apartment on the 3rd floor. It is now one of the most visited museums in Austria.
The Mozart family lived in the house from 1747 to 1773. They then moved across the river to what is now known as the Mozart Residence (Wohnhaus) in Makartplatz. Mozart spent his childhood and much of his youth here together with his father Leopold, Mother Anna Maria and his sister ‘Nannerl’.
The house itself was built in the 12th century and was owned by the Hagenauer family. The Mozart Birthplace Museum occupies the second and third floors and introduces visitors to Mozart’s early life. The exhibits include his first musical instruments together with portraits, documents and early additions of his work. On the second floor you will find the clavichord on which he composed The Magic Flute.
Daily 09:00 to 17:30. In July and August it is open until 19:00 (Last entry 30 mins before closing)
€ 11,- (€ 18,-) for adults. Young Adults (15-18 years) € 4,- (€ 6,-). Children (6-14 years) € 3,50 (€ 5,-) . Prices in brackets are a combined ticket for both the Birthplace and Wohnhaus.
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At the heart of the old city is Residenzplatz. This open square is bordered by the Dom (Cathedral), the Residenz Palace and the Neue Residenz . On the north side is a row of medieval burgher houses and St. Michaelskirche. At the centre is the famous Horse Fountain. You can approach the square from either Mozartplatz or Alter Markt.
Prince-Archbishop Wolf Deitrich Raitenau laid out Residenzplatz from 1587 as part of his plans to modernise the city. He grew up in Rome and admired the way how that city was remodelled in the Renaissance and Baroque styles. He demolished 55 medieval houses to make way for the new square together with the removal of a cemetery.
In one of Europe’s dark moments in history Residenz was the location in 1938 for a Nazi book burning. These days it is the venue for the famous Salzburg Christmas Market. In the summer it hosts outdoor cinema and other events. Take a carriage ride around the old town from here.
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Facing the Residenz is the Neue Residenz (‘New Residence’) crowned by the famous Carillon which has been chiming since 1702. The Neue Residenz is now the Salzburg Museum which houses precious objects of art and has many exhibition rooms charting the history of Salzburg from the Iron Age up to the present day. One of the main exhibits is the Roman mosaic floor that was discovered under Mozartplatz . Between March and October you are able to have a guided tour of the Carrillon, weather permitting . The view from the top provides a new perspective on the city. Ask at the museum for more details.
Next to the Neue Residenz museum is the Panorama Museum which can be accessed from the Neue Residenz. This houses a round painting 26 metres long painted by J.M. Sattler (1786-1847). Visitors stand in the centre of the painting to look at Salzburg as it was 200 years ago.
In addition to the panorama there are large scale paintings by Hubert Sattler on display. The widely traveled painter captured unusual views of cities and landscapes during the 19th century.
Opening Times: Every day from 9am to 5pm except on 1st November and 24/25 December.
Cost: Entrance fee is €8.50 for adults, €4 for young people between 16 and 25, for children under 16 it is €3.
More Information: salzburgmuseum.at
The Horse Fountain is considered to be the largest Baroque fountain in Central Europe and dates from 1661. It is made from local Untersberg marble. It comprises several sections with the base formed by four horses that surround a central rock covered in marine animals and plants. On the rock, four men carry a large bowl. Within this bowl are three dolphins carrying a second bowl. This is all topped by the figure of a Triton carrying a shell. Note that in the winter the statue is boarded up to protect it from the elements.
It is easy to miss the church as it has been integrated into the building façade of the square so very little of its outer appearance is visible. It is in fact the oldest parish church in Salzburg and served as a palace chapel and parish church up to the 12th century.
There has been a church on the site since at least the year 800 and has belonged to St Peter’s monastery since the Middle Ages.It has been rebuilt many times over the centuries and was remodelled in the baroque style between 1767 and 1776. Worth seeing is the principal altar which features an impressive painting of the Archangel Michael defeating the devil. The altar screen is by Philip Hinterseer and dates from 1770.
On the outside of the church facing the Dom is a plaque remembering the Nazi book burning.
In front of St Michaelskirche is Mozartplatz with the impressive statue of Mozart, Salzburg’s famous son. This was finished in 1842 and was unveiled in the presence of Mozart’s two sons, Karl and Xavier. Mozart’s wife, Constanza, lived in Mozartplatz at number 8 but although she saw the monument being built she died before the unveiling.
During the excavation of the foundations for the monument, a spectacular roman mosaic was discovered. You can see this in the Neue Residenz museum, the entrance is in Mozartplatz.
Salzburg Fortress (Hohensalzburg Fortress) dominates the city and is one of the largest and best preserved medieval castles in Europe. The magnificent edifice you see today started as a simple Bailey with a wooden wall in 1077. Its purpose was to protect the interests of the already powerful archbishops of Salzburg. It was expanded over the following centuries with the main walls and towers built in 1462. The external bastions you can see today were added in the 17th century. You can access the fortress either by a rather steep climb from the centre of the town or take the funicular railway. There has been a railway up into the castle since the early 1500s. This makes it one of the oldest operational railways in the world!
A visit to the fortress is a must and will transport you into a different world. It consists of various wings and courtyards and in addition to the state rooms of the Archbishops. You can also visit the Puppet Museum and see the Salzburg Bull. This is a large aerophon of more than 200 pipes that was built in 1502 and still played every day.
At the front of the fortress you will have magnificent views over the city. At the rear you can see down the Salzach valley right down to the mountains at the Salzach Gap You will have a grandstand view of Salzburg’s own mountain, the Untersberg, which rises to over 6,000 ft.
Daily January to April and October to December 09:30 to 17:00, May to September 09:00 to 19:00.
€15.50 which includes the cost of the funicular up to the castle
Top Tip: Buy your tickets online and save money.
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