Salzburg Alter Markt is the old market place and site of the weekly market since the 13th century. At is centre is the St Florian fountain. This was originally built in 1488 with its octagonal base added in the 1680’s. The statue of St Florian was added in 1734.
The square has an impressive row of burgher houses that date from the Middle Ages There is also the smallest house in Salzburg. Built in the 19th century to close a narrow alley way it is only 1.42m wide. Next door is Café Tomaselli which is the oldest coffee house in Austria. Mozart frequented the cafe. His widow Constanza lived here in the 1820’s with her then husband Georg Nikolaus von Nissen.
Opposite Café Tomaselli is Konditorei Fürst whose founder invented the famous Mozartkugel chocolates.
See more sights in Salzburg.
by Nigel Ringrose
The Residenz (Bishop’s Palace) is one of the most important historic buildings in Salzburg. It is part of the World Heritage site known as the Dom Quartier. Also included in this area is the Dom itself and parts of St Peter’s monestary.
From the 12th century the Residenz was the home of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg. It has been repeatedly remodelled in the 15th and 16th centuries. Wolf Deitrich started work around 1600 to update the building. Prince Archbishop Markus Sittikus added the wing in Residenzplatz. Prince Archbishop Guidobald Graf Thun then added an additional floor in the 17th century to make the Palace blend in with the Dom.
Finally, the façade was renewed in the early 18th century and this is what you see today.The Residenz houses a impressive art collection in the Residenz gallery which includes paintings from the 16th to 19th centuries. In addition to the Gallery you can visit the sumptuous rooms of state and the private apartments of the Prince Archbishops. It is well worth a visit and is one of the premier attractions in Salzburg.
Daily from 10am to 5pm. It is closed on Tuesdays except in July and August when it is open 7 days a week. Late night opening also in July and August on a Wednesday until 8pm.
Entrance fee is €12 for adults, for children under 6 entrance is free. In addition to the Residenz and gallery, the price also includes entrance to the Dom Museum, the Cathedral Organ loft and St Peter’s Museum.
See more sights in Salzburg
St Peters Abbey is a Benedictine monastery and was a former cathedral. It is considered to be one of the oldest monasteries in the German speaking countries. It has been in continuous use since its foundation in 696. The present day abbey church is in the Romanesque style and was erected in the 12th century. Attached to the monestery is the famous Cemetery of Sainkt Peter.
To the right of the abbey is the StiftsKeller St Peter which has been serving food since 803!. It is claimed to be the oldest restaurant in Europe. It is here that they hold the celebrated Mozart Dinner Concerts where musicians in period dress serenade you whilst you dine. At Christmas time go for a Glüwein in the courtyard hewn from the rock of the Münchsberg for a truly magical experience.
If you go through the tunnel between the abbey and StiftsKeller you will come into the cemetery (Petersfriedhof). This was probably laid out during the foundation of the monastery in about 700. The oldest graves date to the 13th century. At the centre of the cemetery is St Margaret’s Chapel and the Chapel of the Cross dedicated about 1170. It was refurbished as a mausoleum in 1615.
Around the edge of the cemetery you will find the arcades of tombs, some cut into the hillside. Here you will find the tombs of Maria Anna Mozart (Nannerl, Wolfgang’s sister) and the composer Johann Haydn. These tombs were the inspiration for the scene in the Sound of Music when they were hiding from the Germans.
Also in the cemetery are the Catacombs. These are carved out of the rock face and were probably constructed between 300 and 600AD and served as an early Christian place of assembly and hermitage.
April to September: 06:30 to 20:00, October to March: 06:30 to 18:00
May to September: 10:00 to 12:30 and 13:00 to 18:00. October to April: 10:00 to 12:30 and 13:00 to 17:00
Catacombs Cost: €2
See More Sights in Salzburg
Salzburg Cathedral (Dom) dominates the centre of the old town and is the third to stand on the site. The first cathedral was in 774 and expanded in the 11th and 12th centuries. It was destroyed in a fire in 1167.
Archbishop Konrad III then built a huge Romanesque basilica with 5 towers. After a fire it too was demolished in 1598. The cornerstone of the current cathedral was laid in 1614 and consecrated by Archbishop Paris Lodron in 1628. Prince-Archbishop Wolf Diettrich added the two towers you see today when he created Residenzplatz.
The foundations of the preceding church can be seen in the excavation site underneath the Cathedral. This also features Roman mosaics and other artifacts. Inside the Dom is the 14th Century Gothic baptisimal font in which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was baptised.
Unfortunately an allied bomb hit the Cathedral in World War II destroying the central dome. You can see pictures of the damage inside. It was restored in 1959.
Outside of the Dom are four large sculpted figures. St Rupert, who is holding a salt barrel. St Virgilius holding a church. St Peter holding keys and St Paul holding a sword. These all date from the 1690’s.
The baroque façade of Salzburg Cathedral faces Domplatz, an enclosed square that contains the impressive column of Maria Immaculata. Built between 1766 and 1771 and constructed of marble and cast iron. If you stand at the back of Domplaz in the arches facing the Dom, you can position yourself so that the central figure on the column appears to be wearing the crown mounted on the wall of the Dom.
The area outside the Museum Der Moderne is known locally as the Winkler Terrace. This is because the Cafe Winkler previously stood on the site.
It is the sister museum to the Rupertinum in the old town. Whereas the Rupertinim showcases new artistic concepts, the Museum Der Moderne displays modern art in a contemporary setting.
It is one of the best places to see the Old Town of Salzburg from the Kapunzinerberg to the Fortress. It is easily reached by using the Mönchsberg lift located on Anton-Neumayr-Platz directly underneath the museum on the hill. In just 30 seconds it takes you directly to the terrace.
From here there are lovely walks along the Monschberg (the hill overlooking the Old Town) to the Fortress. If you don’t want to go that far then there are a number of ways back down into the town.
Monday 8 am-7 pm, Tuesday-Sunday 8 am-9 pm. In July and August: daily 8 am-11 pm
Adults € 3.80 , Children (6-14 years) € 1.90, Families € 7.50 (up and down)
Adults € 9.70, Children (6-14 years) € 6.80 , Families € 15.40
The Mozart Residence (Wohnhaus) is across the river from his bithplace in Getreidegasse. The Mozart family moved to the house on Makartplatz in 1773 and stayed there until 1787. It was built in 1617 and was known as the ‘Dance Master’s House’ as it was the residence of Lorenz Spockner who offered dancing lessons to the nobility before their life at court.
Unfortunately, two thirds of the original Residence was destroyed in 1944 by allied bombing. The Mozart foundation was able to purchase the office building that had been built on the site in 1989 which they demolished. Over the next few years the Mozart residence was reconstructed using the original building plans. The Mozart Resedence Museum opened in 1996 and in addition to Mozart’s forte-piano contains many original documents and portraits.
Daily from 09:00 to 17:30 and in July and August from 08:30 to 19:00. Note that during Mozart week the museum may be closed for concerts.
€ 11 (€ 18) for adults. Young Adults (15-18 years) € 4 (€ 6). Children (6-14 years) € 3,50 (€ 5) . Prices in brackets are a combined ticket for both the Birthplace and Residence.
The Mozart Birthplace Museum (Mozarts Geburtshaus) in Getreidegasse is dedicated to Mozart’s early life. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born here on 27th January 1756 in their apartment on the 3rd floor. It is now one of the most visited museums in Austria.
The Mozart family lived in the house from 1747 to 1773. They then moved across the river to what is now known as the Mozart Residence (Wohnhaus) in Makartplatz. Mozart spent his childhood and much of his youth here together with his father Leopold, Mother Anna Maria and his sister ‘Nannerl’.
The house itself was built in the 12th century and was owned by the Hagenauer family. The Mozart Birthplace Museum occupies the second and third floors and introduces visitors to Mozart’s early life. The exhibits include his first musical instruments together with portraits, documents and early additions of his work. On the second floor you will find the clavichord on which he composed The Magic Flute.
Daily 09:00 to 17:30. In July and August it is open until 19:00 (Last entry 30 mins before closing)
€ 11,- (€ 18,-) for adults. Young Adults (15-18 years) € 4,- (€ 6,-). Children (6-14 years) € 3,50 (€ 5,-) . Prices in brackets are a combined ticket for both the Birthplace and Wohnhaus.
More Sights in Salzburg
The Mirabell Gardens and Palace (“Schloss Mirabell”) are on the north side of the river and is easily reached using the Makartsteg footbridge. Surrounded by beautiful gardens, the palace dates from 1606. It was built by Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich Raitenau who wanted a pleasure palace for him and his mistress! It was rebuilt in the baroque style in the 1720’s, and was further altered after a fire in 1818. Inside the palace is the Marble Hall used for both concerts and weddings. It is known to be one of the best wedding venues in Europe.
The Mirabell Gardens date from 1687 and follow a geometric pattern containing mythology themed statues. There are four groups of sculptures (Aeneas, Hercules, Paris and Pluto). Mirabell is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Salzburg and were used as locations in the film, The Sound of Music. Even today you can see fans re-enacting the DODo Re Me dance sequence on the steps and around the Pegasus Horse Fountain.
Mirabell Palace and Angel Staircase 08:00 to 18:00. Marble Hall 08:00 to 16:00 (13:00 to 16:00 on Tuesday and Friday).
Gardens are open from 06:00 to dusk.
Note that as the rest of the palace houses municipal offices these are not open to the public. The Marble Hall may be closed if there is a special occasion.
See more Sights in Salzburg
Kapitalplatz is the large square behind the Cathedral and has an imposing view of the Fortress standing guard over the City. Here you will find an oversized chess board and the famous work of art “Sphaera,” by Stephan Balkenhol. This represents a male figure on a golden sphere with a neutral expression. You cross Kapitalplaz to reach the Funicular Railway up to the Fortress.
The square is bordered by the Cathedral provostry and the Archiepiscopal palace. The novice’s wing of St. Peter’s Monastery is on the west side together with the Cathedral Chapter’s mills. It was also once the site of the Cathedral Abbey. The high clergy resided on Kapitalplatz and in the palaces in the adjacent streets until the archbishopric was dissolved in 1803.
Under the Fortress is the Chapter Fountain which was built under Archbishop Leopold Firmian in 1732 to plans by Franz Anton Danreiter. The ramp used by the horses to access the water leads to a group of figures. The main character is Neptune the god of the sea, holding a trident and crown, mounted on a seahorse spurting water. The baroque figure was sculpted by Josef Anton Pfaffinger.
The Horse Pond, known as Pferdeschwemme, dates back to 1693 and is to be found in Karajanplatz. It was used to wash the parade horses from the Archbishop’s stables which are actually now the Festival Halls. Travellers would also use it to clean their horses before entering the city. The central statue is called the Horse Tamer and was made by Michael Bernhard Mandl.
A second Horse Pond can be found in Kapitalplatz behind the Dom. This is on a much grander scale.
Next to the Horsepond is the tunnel through the Monschberg and Sigmund’s Gate. This is considered to be the oldest street tunnel in Austria
This one of the many locations used in the Sound of Music during the song “I Have Confidence”.